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The Musculoskeletal System Explained

musculoskeletalThe musculoskeletal system is the network of muscles and bones within the body. Injuries, conditions like arthritis, and other growth and degeneration problems can cause pain and disorders that cannot always be identified with a physical exam. It is a musculoskeletal radiologist’s job to conduct medical imaging of the problem areas to figure out what is happening to your body.

Musculoskeletal problems can be the result of anything from work accidents and sports injuries to genetics and lifestyle choices, and many other circumstances. Some of these problems include osteoarthritis of the knee, osteoporosis of the bones, and other joint or muscle issues.

In order to accurately diagnose and treat Musculoskeletal Conditions, Peninsula Radiology offers a full spectrum of imaging services. Our radiologist utilize CTMRI, musculoskeletal ultrasound, bone biopsies and bone mineral density studies to effectively look inside of a patient’s body. Since musculoskeletal disorders and injuries affect bones and muscles specifically, this is where these kinds of radiologists focus their attention. Thanks to these technologies and our expert staff, we are able to diagnose a wide range of disorders of the musculoskeletal system.

Our Musculoskeletal Imaging Radiologists work closely with our other departments to ensure that every diagnosis is accurate and that treatment plans for musculoskeletal conditions are the most effective available.

Conditions that fall in the range of Musculoskeletal Imaging include patients with the following:

  • Patients with disorders of the spine, upper & lower extremities
  • Arthritis
  • Cancers of the soft tissues & bones

For more than 50 years, Peninsula Radiological Associates has provided quality medical imaging services. Our team of board certified and fellowship-trained radiologists have over 200 years of combined experience.  As a team we deliver the most comprehensive range of medical diagnostic imaging and interventional radiological procedures available on the Virginia Peninsula.

At Peninsula Radiology, it is our goal to always utilize the least invasive technology for diagnosis. We only advance to more complex procedures when it is necessary. Call (757) 595-6363 or go online to schedule an appointment for imaging services.

Schedule your Annual Mammogram Online

mammogram scheduler Have you scheduled your annual Mammogram for 2018? The fact is that mammography is the best tool available to screen for breast cancer. Mammography has helped reduce the breast cancer death rate in the United States by 30 percent.

The American Cancer Society recommends women 40 years and older have an annual screening mammogram to aid in early detection of breast cancer. If you are under 40 years old, talk to your doctor to see what screening program will work best for you, especially if you have a personal or family history of breast cancer.

We make it easy and convenient for you to schedule your annual Mammogram. Thanks to Riverside’s Self-Scheduler, you can now schedule your screening mammogram from any computer, at any time. The Self-Scheduler is simple and quick to use. You will first need to create and account by selecting a user name and password. Once your account is set up, you will be able to schedule, re-schedule or cancel your appointment at your convenience.

Another great feature about the Self-Scheduler is that it provides instructions on how to prepare for your appointment. Following these guidelines will help to ensure that you will get the most out of your breast cancer screening appointment.

Annual mammograms can detect cancer early — when it is most treatable. In fact, mammograms show changes in the breast up to two years before a patient or physician can feel them. Mammograms can also prevent the need for extensive treatment for advanced cancers.

To schedule your annual mammogram through Riversides’ state-of-the-art Women’s Imaging Center, visit the Online Scheduler today.

Once you have your appointment scheduled, you can visit the Peninsula Radiology website to find maps and directions to your breast imaging center.

 

National Prostate Awareness Month

imagesSeptember is National Prostate Cancer Awareness month and Peninsula Radiology Associates would like to encourage you to make prostate health a priority. The focus during Prostate Cancer Awareness month is education and prevention. Urologists recommend that men discuss prostate cancer with their doctors and get tested. Cancer screenings look for cancer before it causes symptoms.  Like any cancer, early detection can be life saving.

Our team of accomplished physicians at PRA have a wide range of sub-specialty, fellowship trained expertise, which allows them to provide our patients with outstanding care. Doctors recommend men get a prostate exam beginning at age 50, but if there’s a family history of cancer, they recommend getting tested at age 40.

During National Prostate Awareness Month, Healthline Networks empowers men to learn the steps they can take to protect their prostate:

  • Diet – research suggest the following foods should be included in your diet to reduce your risk factors
    • Tomatoes
    • Watermelon
    • Antioxidant known as Lycopene
    • Green Vegetables
    • Omega 3 fatty acid including fish and fish oil
    • Soybean – tofu, chickpeas, lentils
    • Replace animal fats with healthy plant based fats
  • Stop Smoking
  • Exercise regularly to reduce fat in the middle of the body
  • Talk to your doctor about prostate screenings and inform your doctor of any changes in urination or discomfort in your pelvic area.

Join PRA in recognizing National Prostate Awareness Month by taking these steps today! Make your prostate health a priority. And don’t forget to spread the word to your family and friends. Our team of board certified and fellowship trained radiologists have delivered the most comprehensive range of medical diagnostic imaging and procedures available anywhere on the Virginia Peninsula. Call Peninsula Radiology Associates today (757) 989-8830 for your medical diagnostic procedures.

Understanding Radiology

Screen Shot 2014-04-09 at 2.04.32 PMWhat is Radiology?

The field of radiology began with the discovery of X-radiation by Wilhelm Roentgen in 1895. Since then, radiology has evolved tremendously. These days, radiology is central to the clinical practice of medicine across a wide range of disciplines. It is the best practical way to diagnose, monitor treatment and detect progression or relapse of many important and common diseases in a minimally invasive manner.

What is the role of a Radiologist? 

Radiologists specialize in producing pictures of the human body using state-of-the-art imaging technology, such as X-rays, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These medical specialists are central members of the multidisciplinary clinical care team who play a vital role in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries within adults and children, including babies and unborn fetuses.

Radiological Procedures

Since Peninsula Radiological Associates is affiliated with the esteemed Riverside Health System, patients are offered the following specialties and services:

•    CAT Scans, which display several different types of tissue
•    X-rays, which identify and treat bone fractures
•    DEXA Scans, which measure bone loss and density
•    Embolization, which stop blood supply to destructive tumors
•    MRI, which diagnose cancer, vascular disease, and neurological disorders
•    Musculoskeletal imaging, which pinpoint spinal disorders and arthritis
•    Nuclear medicine, such as PET scans, which evaluate respiratory problems and organ function
•    Radiofrequency Ablation, which locate and eliminate tumors using electrical energy

Of course, there are several other imaging procedures available through the dependable care of our board-certified radiologists Women’s Imaging, for example, includes a wide range of valuable services related to breast cancer, such as digital mammography and image guided biopsy.

We strongly encourage patient education, and are always ready and willing to answer any questions regarding your health.

What is Nuclear Medicine?

nuclear medicineWhat is Nuclear Medicine

Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty that is used to diagnose and treat diseases in a safe and painless way. It uses small amounts of radioactive material are used to diagnose and treat a variety of diseases. The procedures that are used are able to pinpoint molecular activity within the body, and therefore offer the potential to identify disease in its earliest stages.

When is Nuclear Medicine Used? 

Molecular imaging procedures are used to diagnose and manage the treatment :

  • Cancer
  • Heart disease
  • Brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease
  • Gastrointestinal disorders
  • Lung disorders
  • Bone disorders
  • Kidney and thyroid disorders,  and more.

What are the Benefits of Nuclear Medicine?

  • Examinations provide details on both function and anatomic structure of the body that is often unattainable using other imaging procedures.
  • For many diseases, scans provide the most useful information needed to make a diagnosis or to treatment plan.
  • less expensive than exploratory surgery.
  • Offers the potential to identify disease in its earliest stage, often before symptoms occur or abnormalities can be detected with other diagnostic tests.

If you have any questions, please ask your physician. You can find more information about nuclear medicine on our services page. Thank you for choosing Peninsula Radiology for your diagnostic needs!

What is Embolization and is it the Right Choice for You?

embolizationEmbolization is a way of therapeutically cutting off a supply of blood to a particular part of the body. This procedure can be used to prevent internal bleeding, stop the flow of blood to a tumor, treatment of aneurysms or to resolve abnormal connections between veins and arteries. Embolization is a less invasive way to address blood flow concerns than open surgery.

The benefits of embolization include:

  • Less Complications – Given that this is a less invasive procedure than open surgery the risk factors are reduced for patients.
  • No Surgical Incision – This procedure only requires a nick in the skin to insert the catheter and therefore no stitches are required.
  • Brief Hospital Stay – Most people need to stay in the hospital only the night after the procedure. Normal activities can usually begin in approximately one week.
  • Options When Surgery is Not Recommended – This method can be used to treat tumors and other vascular issues that can’t be removed surgically or would pose too great of a risk if surgery was attempted.

The procedure is done with the aid of x-ray imaging and a contract material so the blood vessel can be seen clearly. The doctor inserts a catheter into the blood vessel and moves it up to the area that needs to be treated. The catheter is a long, thin plastic tube that fits inside the vein or artery, it is approximately 1/8 inch in diameter so you can compare it to being smaller than a pencil lead used in a mechanical pencil. Once the catheter is positioned properly an embolic agent is inserted through the catheter and this synthetic material or medication is placed for the treatment.

Different types of embolic agents can be used depending on the size of the blood vessel and whether the agent need to be a permanent or temporary solution.
Embolization can provide treatment for a variety of medical needs, so discuss your particular situation with the doctor and they can answer your questions about the benefits and risks of their recommended course of treatment.

Embolization can be performed by the providers of Peninsula Radiology Associates. If your doctor has recommended embolization as the appropriate procedure for you, and you would like more information, please contact us at (757) 989-8830. We would be happy to help you decide if it’s right for you!

What Does a Radiologist Do?

radiologistA recent study presented at the annual Radiological Society of North America meeting determined that more than 64% of respondents stated that they had little or no understanding regarding the critical role of radiologist. Radiologists specialize in producing pictures of the human body using state-of-the-art imaging technology, such as X-rays, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These medical specialists are central members of the multidisciplinary clinical care team who play a vital role in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries within adults and children, including babies and unborn fetuses.

At Peninsula Radiological Associates, patients are offered the following specialties and services:
CAT Scans, which display several different types of tissue
X-rays, which identify and treat bone fractures
DEXA Scans, which measure bone loss and density
Embolization, which stop blood supply to destructive tumors
MRI, which diagnose cancer, vascular disease, and neurological disorders
Musculoskeletal imaging, which pinpoint spinal disorders and arthritis
Nuclear medicine, such as PET scans, which evaluate respiratory problems and organ function
Radiofrequency Ablation, which locate and eliminate tumors using electrical energy

Of course, there are several other imaging procedures available through the dependable care of our board-certified radiologists. Women’s Imaging, for example, includes a wide range of valuable services related to breast cancer, such as digital mammography and image guided biopsy.

Because these terms can appear confusing or overwhelming to some patients, we uphold the ideas behind the “Radiology Cares” initiative, which seeks to effectively promote effective communication between the patient and healthcare providers. As a result, our patients are empowered to make informed decisions regarding their rehabilitative care.

Overall, direct communication is essential to improving our community’s awareness of the dynamic role radiologists play in healthcare. Even more importantly, direct interactions with these specialists will enhance patient understanding and maintain comfort regarding their undergoing tests and procedures. These are the goals that we strive to achieve on a daily basis in order to provide the best healthcare possible.

We strongly encourage patient education, and are always ready and willing to answer any questions regarding your health. Peninsula Radiology Associates is happy to serve your imaging needs.

Understanding Musculoskeletal Imaging Uses and Methods

muscloskeletal imagingMusculoskeletal imaging is a specialty used to look at disorders of the joints, bones and soft tissues associated with their connections. These images can be done on both adult and pediatric patients depending on individual health concerns.

This type of imaging is used in a variety of health explorations including:

  • trauma situations
  • sports medicine (e.g. forceful impacts or repeated strains)
  • work related disorders caused by repeated motions and vibrations
  • bone and soft tissue tumors
  • joint disorders such as certain types of arthritis
  • tears in tendons or ligaments (i.e. knee, shoulder and hip)
  • congenital malformations of extremities in infants and children
  • swelling or bleeding of tissues around joints

During your first appointment with your medical provider, you can expect a physical examination that will involve inspection, palpation and manipulation of the affected area. First they will look for redness, inflammation and other visible signs of an abnormal occurrence. Next they will touch the area and exert some pressure to see how the body responds to an external stimuli. Finally they will perform a range of motions to see how the area reacts to different types of movement. All of these together will help them to determine what kind of musculoskeletal condition they need to consider.

If your doctor determines that imaging would be necessary to see details of your condition, a number of different imaging options can be used:

  1. X-rays – this basic imaging is usually a start to get a first look at the bones, joints and soft tissue to form an initial assessment.
  2. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) – using a large magnet an MRI can produce a detailed look at the structures of the musculoskeletal system giving anatomic detail and even can provide detailed information of bone marrow in cases of infection or tumor.
  3. CT (computed tomography) – these images allow for a production of a three-dimensional view, making them useful in the evaluation of bone architecture, fractures and orthopedic hardware.
  4. Fluoroscopy – is a type of X-ray that creates moving images of joints as they are functioning.
  5. Ultrasound – using sound waves, an ultrasound can produce images of muscles, joints, tendons and ligaments in a noninvasive manner.

Musculoskeletal imaging also assists with soft tissue biopsies when using CT guidance or ultrasonographic procedures.
All of these imaging options have strengths for different diagnosis results and your doctor will help to determine the best course of labs for your individual circumstances.

Peninsula Radiology Associates is a full service imaging provider serving the entire Peninsula.  Our specialists are trained in the latest techniques so that you can have confidence you’re receiving an accurate imaging diagnosis.  Contact us at (757) 989-8830 for an appointment.  We are happy to serve your imaging needs!

 

Ultrasound Facts For Your Consideration

ultrasound factsMany people associate an ultrasound scan with pregnancy, but an ultrasound can be used for many different medical purposes. In this post you will learn what an ultrasound is, what it is used for, and also the advantages and disadvantages of ultrasound scans.

What is an ultrasound scan?
An ultrasound scan, also known as sonography, uses sound waves to capture images of what is inside a person’s body. Much like a bat uses sounds and their echoes to “see” its surroundings, an ultrasound emits sound too high for a human to hear, and then records the echoes to determine the shape of organs or soft tissues. An ultrasound scan allows doctors to see what is inside the body without making an incision.

What do doctors use ultrasounds for?
Pregnancy. Many expectant mothers have an ultrasound performed so the doctor can see how the unborn baby is doing. Some health problems can be detected this way. Also, the parents get a first peek at the child, sometimes learning the sex of the baby.

Diagnosing health problems in many internal organs, such as:
-gallbladder
-kidneys
-liver
-ovaries
-uterus
-pancreas
-spleen
-thyroid
-testicles
-bladder
-eyes
-heart
-blood vessels

Medical Procedures:  Doctors may use an ultrasound scan during certain procedures, such as needle biopsies, to help in precision.

What are the advantages of using ultrasound imagery?
The biggest advantage: an ultrasound is virtually painless, and it does not require an incision.
Ultrasounds are safe! They do not emit any radiation, unlike X-rays and CT scans.
Also, ultrasounds detect soft tissues that X-rays do not capture well.
Ultrasounds are less expensive than many other imaging techniques.

Are there any disadvantages?
Certain areas of the body cannot be imaged using ultrasound. For instance, ultrasound scans cannot go through bone. They also cannot be used in organs where gas is present, such as the lungs.
Ultrasounds are not as detailed as other imaging techniques, and this lack of detail can sometimes result in misleading images.

In conclusion, ultrasound scans allow doctors to see organs and soft tissues without being invasive. This is useful for pregnancies and many other medical conditions. Medical technology continues to advance, giving doctors more and more options to diagnose and treat their valued patients safely and effectively.  If you have been told you are in need of an ultrasound, contact us at Peninsula Radiology at (757) 989-8830 to schedule an appointment.

What Is A CT Scan?

CT ScanA CT scan stands for a computed tomography which scans the abdominal and pelvis which provides diagnostic image testing that will help detect diseases in the small bowel, colon, and many other internal organs in the same region. CT Scans are generally used to determine the cause of unexplained causes of pain.

Are CT Scans Safe?
CT Scans to expose you, very briefly, to a very small amount of ionizing radiation, however it is necessary to help recreate the structures such as organs in the body to determine the cause of the unexplained pain. The tiny amount of radiation that you are exposed to is so small that the increased risks of cancer the person is exposed to cannot even be reliably measured.

When Are CT Scans Done?
CT Scans are often done after the body sustains traumas such as that from a car wreck, work accident, or other traumatic event like a sports injury. These scans will take images of the various parts of the body including cross-sectional images of the body to see if trauma or injury was sustained.
CT Scans are then used to determine plans of treatments, surgeries, or radiation treatments that may need to be completed to help treat the trauma or the issue. These treatment plans can help the patient get rid of the pain and

What Conditions to CT Scans Help Reveal?
CT Scans can help determine some of the following:
Diagnose muscle and bone issues such as tumors or fractures
Pinpoints various procedures that the patient may need such as a biopsy or if they have something more serious like an infection or blood clot
Detection and monitoring of longer-term diseases such as heart diseases or cancers.
Monitor the effectiveness of ongoing treatments such as radiation or chemotherapy treatment.
Helps detect internal injuries such as bleeding or injuries and internal trauma that was done to the organs.

Pregnancy Notice:
Talk to your doctor if you are pregnant. While the miniscule amount of radiation from a CT Scan is unlikely to harm an unborn baby your doctor may prefer to use other imaging, such as MRIs or ultrasounds just to be safe.

Peninsula Radiology is a full service radiology practice that has team members ready to provide answers about any of the services we provide.  Contact us to make an appointment or ask questions about any of our services.